By countries

Japan

The legal framework for bilateral development cooperation is the Technical Cooperation Agreement between the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro and the Government of Japan. This Agreement regulates all forms of technical development cooperation between the two countries, while the strategic framework for development cooperation with the Republic of Serbia is defined in the Japan's Development Cooperation Charter of February 2015.

The priority areas of Japan's bilateral development assistance to the Republic of Serbia are:

1. Environmental Protection;

2. Healthcare, Social Protection and Education; and

3. Entrepreneurship and Support to Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises.

Some of the examples of assistance that Japan provides to the Republic of Serbia are:  non-project donations in the form of Japanese products, projects for the basic needs of the population (POPOS Projects), which include one-time assistance such as the reconstruction of school buildings and kindergartens, delivery of medical equipment and ambulances, garbage trucks and containers, tankers, special vehicles for transportation of persons with disabilities, etc., as well as the consulting assistance of Japanese experts since 2009 through the volunteers programme of the Government of Japan. Japan also provides concessional loans (yen loans), so that the project "Installation of flue gas desulfurization systems at the Nikola Tesla Thermal Power Plant" will be realized from the funds of one of the loans.

For more information, visit the following website:

https://www.jica.go.jp/balkan/english/office/index.html

Kingdom of Denmark

In January 2017, the Kingdom of Denmark adopted a General Strategy for Development Cooperation: World 2030 - Denmark’s Strategy for Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Action. The four strategic priorities of this Denmark's development policy are: security and development - peace, stability and protection, migration and development, inclusive, sustainable growth and development, and freedom and development - democracy, human rights and gender equality.

The Development Cooperation Strategy of the Kingdom of Denmark with the Republic of Serbia is defined within a wider regional concept - the Danish Neighbourhood Programme for Eastern Europe. The Neighbourhood Programme is the basis of Denmark's assistance to the eastern and south-eastern areas of the EU. Through this Programme, Denmark supports the development of democracy, the rule of law, stability and economic development in the EU's neighbouring countries. Although the Republic of Serbia has not been identified as one of the priority countries (which include Georgia and Ukraine) in the Neighbourhood Programme 2017-2021, Denmark provides targeted support to Serbia, which is focused on the accession of Serbia to the EU.

During the past 10 years, Denmark has been active in Serbia through a multitude of programmes worth more than EUR 17 million. One of the biggest projects was the "Private Sector Programme for the Support to Fruit and Beverage Sector in Southern Serbia". Farmers in this region have been provided with support in the development of production of fruit and berries. The project has created more than 800 new jobs. Denmark also supported the judiciary reform, media freedom, refugee accommodation, the Ombudsman institution and local economic development.

In May 2014, the Ministry of Defence of the Kingdom of Denmark and the Danish Emergency Management Agency sent to Serbia personnel and equipment as help in fight against floods. The cooperation between Serbia and Denmark in the defence sector was established in 2004, and Serbia has, in recent years, been one of Denmark's largest partners in Europe in this field (not counting the NATO Member States). The cooperation projects in the defence sector are primarily aimed at supporting the reforms, capacity building and regional cooperation.

More information can be found at: http://serbien.um.dk/en/danish-cooperation/danish-cooperation-with-serbia/

Kingdom Of Norway

The Kingdom of Norway is one of the largest bilateral donors of the Republic of Serbia, whose support, only in the period from 2008 to date, has been more than EUR 100 million. Norway provides its assistance to Serbia through Bilateral Cooperation Programme, Embassy small -scale grants, as well as through direct grants to civil society organizations.

The Ministry of European Integration is responsible for the implementation of Bilateral Programme for 2013 and 2015; you can find more on this at the following link: NORWAY BILATERAL PROGRAMME 2013-2015. Since 2016, the Royal Norwegian Embassy has taken full responsibility for planning, implementation, monitoring and reporting for the next programming years, while the Ministry of European Integration will be involved in the programming of the bilateral assistance package.

In accordance with this, on 10 January 2018, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoR) was signed between the Ministry of European Integration of the Republic of Serbia and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Norway, concerning Bilateral Cooperation through projects and defining the basic principles of cooperation between the two ministries, with the aim of supporting the integration of Serbia into the European Union structures through projects which contribute to reform processes and development of supported sectors in line with the requirements of the European integration process. You can find the text of the MoR at the following link: MoR

Norway also provided significant support to Serbia for the rehabilitation of damages caused by floods, as well as for combating the migrant crisis.

For more information, visit the following website: https://www.norway.no/en/serbia

Kingdom of the Netherlands

During the 1990s, Dutch assistance was aimed at establishing peace, stability and sustainable development. In the course of the 2000s, the approach was changed to bilateral cooperation, with Dutch development assistance focusing on the support to long-term stability and transition, support to the process of Serbia's accession to the EU, strengthening the role of the private sector, contributing to security in the region, promoting other major donors, and support to regional programmes of international organizations.

In the past five years, Dutch assistance to the Republic of Serbia has been reduced to MATRA donations for small projects, managed by the Embassy of the Netherlands in Belgrade, whose beneficiaries are mainly civil society organizations. In April 2012, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed with the Dutch Government on the implementation of the ORIO Programme in the Republic of Serbia. The ORIO Programme is a former Dutch government programme aimed at financing infrastructure projects, mainly in the field of water supply and waste water treatment.

The most important projects in progress are:

Within the ORIO Programme, the project "Collection and Treatment of Waste Water in Leskovac" is being implemented in the Republic of Serbia. The Ministry of Environmental Protection is the main partner of the Dutch side in the implementation of the project.

The Dutch government is participating in the EU Civil Protection Mechanism, as well as in the implementation of projects which strengthen the capacities for responding to the migrant crisis and providing legal assistance to migrants.

For more information, visit the following website:

 https://www.netherlandsworldwide.nl/countries/serbia

Kingdom of Sweden

Cooperation between the Republic of Serbia and the Kingdom of Sweden in terms of international development assistance was established by the Agreement between the Republic of Serbia and the Kingdom of Sweden on General Provisions and Conditions for Development Cooperation, signed in 2007. The Agreement regulates the roles and responsibilities of the Serbian and Swedish parties in the context of the use of funds, the issues of VAT exemption, customs duties and other duties, diplomatic and legal status of staff, etc.

The priority areas of development cooperation have been established in accordance with the Sweden's new Strategy for Reform Cooperation in Eastern Europe, the Western Balkans and Turkey for 2014-2020, and they include:

  • Enhanced economic integration with the EU and development of functional market economy;
  • Strengthening democracy, greater respect for human rights and more developed rule of law, with a focus on a strengthened public administration and justice system, with the aim of increasing the level of achievement of human rights and opportunities for achieving democratic influence; and
  • A better environment, reduced climate change impact and enhanced resilience to environmental impact and climate change.

In the previous period, Sweden has donated most of its grants to the sectors of environmental protection, internal affairs, civil society, public administration and energy.

Of the ongoing projects, the most significant ones are:

PEID Project (Priority Environmental Infrastructure for Development), through which the support to the environmental protection sector continues - providing technical assistance to the Ministry of Environmental Protection, in order to prepare potential projects for financing in the following period. The main goal is to create technical documentation for large infrastructure projects.

EISP 2 Project (Environmental Infrastructure Support Project), which provides support to the Ministry of Environmental Protection in implementing small components of large infrastructure projects, as well as identifying potential environmental projects in order to be ready for the development of the necessary technical documentation.

For more information, visit the following website: http://www.swedenabroad.com/sr-Latn-RS/Embassies/Belgrad/

People's Republic of China

The legal basis for cooperation between the Republic of Serbia and the People's Republic of China is the Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation between the Government of the Republic of Serbia and the Government of the People's Republic of China, which is signed annually.

Priority areas of development cooperation between the Republic of Serbia and the People's Republic of China are health, education, energy and security.

Within the framework of development cooperation between the Republic of Serbia and the People's Republic of China, several projects in the field of health have been implemented in the past few years, through which medical equipment have been provided for hospitals and health centres throughout the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of China also provided significant support in terms of flood protection, in the form of donation of lifeboats and GPS devices. Also, the Government of the People's Republic of China provided professional development by organizing seminars in various areas for representatives of institutions at the republic and local level, chambers of commerce, small and medium-sized enterprises, universities, and hospitals.

For more information, check the following link: http://rs.chineseembassy.org/srp/

Republic of Austria

Through development assistance projects, the Republic of Austria supports the policy of the Republic of Serbia aimed at the prospect of accession to the European Union. Projects in the areas of regional development, education, environmental protection, agriculture, healthcare, entrepreneurship development, social protection, strengthening of governance capacities at the local level, as well as the support to civil society organizations, have been implemented. By 2012, the estimated amount of development aid reached cca EUR 40 million. 

Since 2012 until now, the activities of Austria in the Republic of Serbia have been focused on the implementation of projects financed from EU funds or international financial institutions. The implementation of the programme titled "Socio-Economic Development of the Danube Serbia Region" (SEDDSR), funded from the EU funds, is a good example of the Republic of Austria's engagement which is realized through the Austrian Development Agency in Belgrade. The Project consists of several components, including the construction and renovation of infrastructure, e.g. the construction of a water supply system in the municipality of Veliko Gradište, as well as the rehabilitation of the Golubac Fortress.

The estimated amount of the Republic of Austria's financial contribution to the EU Programme Socio-Economic Development of the Danube Serbia Region amounts to around EUR 1.5 million.

In the field of flood recovery and prevention, the Republic of Austria, through the Red Cross, provided assistance to households which were affected by floods in Požarevac, Paraćin, Svilajnac and Trstenik. The Republic of Austria also financially participated in the European Union's Floods Recovery Programme, aimed at the construction of new and reconstruction of the existing river embankments in the municipalities of Paraćin, Svilajinac and Valjevo, as well as rehabilitation and reconstruction of the drainage network in the Municipality of Obrenovac with pumping stations.

In the field of migration, the Republic of Austria has provided funds through participation in the EU Civil Protection Mechanism for the procurement of the necessary equipment and goods.

The Republic of Austria also participates in Twinning projects in the Republic of Serbia, which are an instrument of the European Union aimed at strengthening the administration of the Republic of Serbia in the activities of adoption and implementation of the EU legislation regarding judiciary, migration, environmental protection, agriculture and rural development, etc.

More information about the Austrian Development Assistance can be found on the following website: http://www.entwicklung.at/en/

Hellenic Republic

The Hellenic Plan for the Economic Reconstruction of the Balkans (HiPERB) is a five-year programme of Greek development assistance, within which the Government of the Hellenic Republic has allocated grants for six Balkan countries - the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Albania. The Agreement with the FR of Yugoslavia was signed on 25 July 2002, and it envisaged a non-refundable financial assistance for the reconstruction of economic, social and institutional system in the Republic of Serbia. The target sector of this assistance programme is the modernization of infrastructure, especially in the transport sector.

Two very important projects for Serbia, which are supported by the HiPERB Plan, are the construction of Corridor X (https://goo.gl/Zb12VH ) and SEELight (South-East European Lambda Network Facility for Research and Education -https://goo.gl/m3oGXo ).

You can find more information on the following link: http://www.mfa.gr/serbia/sr/the-embassy/

Republic Of India

The Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation Programme (ITEC) is implemented by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Government of the Republic of India since 1964, as a bilateral assistance programme of that country to friendly countries. This Programme is primarily aimed at developing countries, including the Republic of Serbia, offering free training courses in India for various technical and professional jobs, as well as the possibility of faster and easier adaptation to an increasingly globalized world.

Serbia has been a partner of the Indian ITEC Programme since 2008, and to date more than 140 experts from Serbia have attended courses in various fields and scientific disciplines, including information and communication technologies, management, entrepreneurship, banking and finance, renewable energy sources, issues related to climate change, legislation, English language training, etc.

For more information, visit the following website: www.itecgoi.in

Republic Of Poland

Development cooperation with the Republic of Poland is realized through programmes and projects aimed at specific user groups (bilateral assistance), as well as through membership fees and voluntary contributions to international institutions, funds and organizations (multilateral assistance).

Bilateral assistance can be used by institutions from the sector of public finance, research institutes, NGOs and private sector entities. In cooperation with external partners, the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs implements a number of its own initiatives, some of which have been implemented through Polish diplomatic missions under the small grants system. The projects are implemented by Polish diplomatic missions, either individually or in cooperation with local partners. The project partners are usually local NGOs, public institutions or local self-governments.

In 2011, a Memorandum on the Promotion of Cooperation was signed in Warsaw, which includes the exchange of experiences in the field of regional development, territorial cooperation, ways of using the EU funds and other relevant areas - through cooperation of institutions of the two countries, participation in thematic workshops, conferences and exchange of documents which are related to these areas.

Since 2007, 42 different programmes and projects have been implemented, which were funded with Polish funds in the amount of cca EUR 470 thousand. During 2017, the Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Belgrade has closed the call "Small Grants 2017", while the projects from this programme will be implemented through four thematic priorities stated in the "Multi-annual Development Cooperation Programme 2016-2020": human capital, entrepreneurship and the private sector, sustainable agriculture and the development of rural areas, and environmental protection.

For more information, visit the following website: www.belgrad.msz.gov.pl

Republic Of Slovenia

The current cooperation is being conducted in accordance with the Agreement on Development Assistance between the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro and the Government of the Republic of Slovenia, which was signed on 9 July 2003.

The technical assistance activities are focused on supporting the institutions of the Republic of Serbia in the process of European integration, including support in harmonising regulations, harmonising procedures with regard to the operation of our institutions with EU standards, improving the quality of services, improving the organizational structures through transfer of experiences of Slovenian institutions and organizations. The amount of funds allocated for development assistance is determined on annual basis in the Development Plan of the Republic of Slovenia.

Currently, a project titled "Assistance in Combating Corruption" is being implemented, which aims to improve the conditions for ensuring transparency and accountability in the functioning of public sector institutions in the Republic of Serbia, as well as strengthening the capacities of the Republic of Serbia for the efficient implementation of the legal competencies of institutions in the fight against corruption. The project manager is the Anti-Corruption Agency, while its total value amounts to EUR 95,580.

Projects are conducted through direct communication between the Slovenian Centre for International Cooperation and Development and beneficiaries in the Republic of Serbia.

For more information, visit the following website:  www.belgrade.embassy.si

United Kingdom 

As part of the development cooperation between the Republic of Serbia and the United Kingdom, representatives of the British Embassy in the Republic of Serbia have an active role in the process of coordination of development assisstance.

The Good Governance Fund (GGF) is a multi-annual programme, and Serbia has a part of this fund available for support to reforms in the following areas: rule of law (the judiciary, fight against corruption, human and minority rights, etc.), public administration, economy and business environment, strengthening of freedom of expression.

The Good Governance Fund operates through three channels:

1.  The Strategic Support Fund (SSF), which is focused on pilot projects and Civil Society Organizations, through the provision of direct grants. Its maximum budget is around EUR 250,000;

2.  The channel of International Financial Institutions (IFIs), designed to support reforms through cooperation with International Financial Institutions, and currently in partnership with the World Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and UNDP;

3.  The Management Fund (MF), managed by a Consortium led by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), and it includes technical assistance for projects developed in cooperation with state institutions.

Through its Conflict, Stability and Security Fund (CSSF), the United Kingdom is helping the Republic of Serbia in two areas:

  • Making progress in the process of normalizing relations between Belgrade and Pristina (GBP 260,000) and
  • Improvement of minority policy in the Republic of Serbia (GBP 80,000).

The Reuniting Europe Fund includes a number of strategic areas that are directly linked to Serbia's path to EU membership: reform of the judiciary, fight against corruption, strengthening of parliamentary capacities, improving the capacity for policy making, media financing and human rights.

For more information, check the following link: https://www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-belgrade.sr

Swiss Confederation

The Government of the Swiss Confederation has two institutions in charge of development assistance. The Swiss Development Agency (SDC) within the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs is in charge of development assistance for supporting capacity building projects, technical assistance, i.e. the so-called "soft" projects, aimed at reforming the administrative and general social system. The State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) of the Federal Department of Economic Affairs is responsible for development projects that are exclusively of infrastructural nature. At the national level, the Swiss Development Agency and the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs are represented by the Swiss Cooperation Office (SCO) in Belgrade.

Since September 2016, a new team has been managing the Swiss Cooperation Office, headed by Ursula Läubli, Director of the Office, and Priska Depnering, as Deputy Director.

The Swiss Cooperation Strategy for Serbia 2018-2021 represents a continuation of the multiannual support to the reform processes in the Republic of Serbia. The Swiss Confederation has been present in Serbia since 1991, which is a testament to its commitment to this bilateral partnership. So far, the financial support has amounted to EUR 350 million.

The new Strategy for the period 2018-2021 is focused on the areas of governance, economic development and sustainable energy sources. In the next four years, Switzerland will allocate EUR 95 million, which is 10% more compared to the previous strategy period. The Swiss-Serbian cooperation is based on mutual trust, partnership and active participation of all relevant partners. The Strategy has been carefully developed in close cooperation with Serbian partners.

Three areas of support in the upcoming four-year period

Focusing on the same three areas of intervention as in the previous Strategy, Switzerland is strengthening its position as a dedicated and reliable partner.

In the area of governance, support in the amount of EUR 36 million will be provided to legislature at the republic and local level, in order to strengthen the position of representative bodies and their supervisory role. The attention will be focused on the capacities of local self-governments in public finance management, in order to improve the overall quality of services provided to citizens and the business sector, with particular attention to the marginalized social groups. Support to the civil society will have a stronger role aimed at strengthening the links between civil society organizations and the citizens, to increase their participation and to ensure a voice in the decision-making process.

In the field of economic development and employment, support in the amount of EUR 45 million is intended for improving the macroeconomic framework, business environment and inclusive policies for overcoming inequalities. Over the next four years, attention will be focused on the local economic development, promotion of trade, youth employment, dual education system and private sector development, aimed at sustainable development and quality employment, especially in rural areas.

In the field of sustainable energy and resilient cities, support in the amount of EUR 14 million is dedicated to strengthening the exploitation of renewable energy sources, supporting the implementation of energy-efficiency measures and strengthening the local capacities for managing and planning their infrastructure activities. In addition, support in this area will be extended to activities that will contribute to the development of self-sustaining cities, with the aim of achieving the national goals regarding energy efficiency and renewable energy sources.

Horizontal fields of Swiss cooperation with Serbia

During the upcoming four-year period, Switzerland will also continue to address the issues of gender inequality, with a particular focus on the promotion of women's entrepreneurship and women's parliamentary networks lobbying for gender equality at the local level. Since 2009, the Migration Partnership has been actively operating between the Swiss State Secretariat for Migration (Staatssekretariat für Migration - SEM) and the Government of Serbia. In the period 2016-2019, Switzerland has provided support to strengthening capacities for migration management, improving the reception capacities, registration of asylum seekers and granting an innovative housing model for migrants in the territory of Serbia in the amount of EUR 2 million.

For more information, visit the following website:

https://www.eda.admin.ch/countries/serbia/en/home/representations/cooperation-office.html